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关于南洋理工大学愈璟助理教授学术报告的通知
 添加时间:2019/04/23 发布: 管理员
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报告题目:Multivalent ions induce lateral structural inhomogeneities in polyelectrolyte brushes

报告人:愈   璟  助理教授 

邀请人:张伟娜   研究员

报告时间:4月26日(星期五)14:30

报告地点:科技创新大楼C501室

Abstract

Understanding the response of polyelectrolytes to their environment has challenged materials scientists for decades. Polyelectrolyte brushes are of particular interest, as they can regulate transport of ions and molecules, control wettability and adhesion of surfaces, or convert chemical and biochemical stimuli into optical, electrical, and mechanical signals. We combinedneutron-reflectivity (NR), atomic force microscopy (AFM), surface forces apparatus (SFA) measurements, and coarse-grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study the structure of planar biomimetic polyelectrolyte brushes (poly(styrenesulfonate), PSS) in a variety of solvent conditions, especially in the presence of multivalent counterions. Multivalent-ion induced lateral structural inhomogeneitiesof the PSS brushes were first indicated by NR measurements. AFM images provide a direct visualization of lateral inhomogeneities on the surface of polyelectrolyte brushes collapsed in solutions containing trivalent counterions. These images are interpreted in the context of a coarse-grained molecular model, and are corroborated by accompanying interaction-force measurements with the SFA. Our findings indicate that lateral inhomogeneities are absent from PSS brush layers collapsed in a poor solvent without multivalent ions. The inhomogeneous structures of the polyelectrolyte brushes in the presence of multivalent ions can dramatically alter their functionalities in various biomedical applications, such as lubrication, sensors, and DNA-based microarrays.

Biography



Dr. Yu Jing is an assistant professor in the School of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree from Tsinghua University in 2007, and PhD from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2012, both in Chemical Engineering. His PhD research under the supervision of Prof. Jacob Israelachvili focused on the nanomechanics of biomaterials and biomimetics. He conducted experimental and theoretical studies on both mussel and gecko adhesive systems, and developed bio-inspired polymer surfaces and nano-structured materials. In 2014, he expanded his research interests towards polyelectrolytes brushes during his postdoc with Prof. Matthew Tirrell at the University of Chicago.



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